After independence from France in 1949, Laos faces a civil war that ended in 1975 when the communist Pathet Lao took power.
Laos is among the countries which have economic and political freedom lowest in the world.
History of Laos can be connected to the Lan Xang kingdom (Land of a Thousand Elephants), a Southeast Asian governments that emerged between the 14th century until the 18th century..Vientiane is a major city of Laos, located in the southwestern part of the country.In 1989 the province was divided into two prefectures Vientiane (Vientiane city where located) and the rest of the province.
Laos is a country oppressed by mainland Southeast Asia and covered in dense forest which is mostly mountainous , one of which is Phou Bia highest with an altitude of 2,817 m above sea level . Laos also has some plains and plateaus . The Mekong River forms a large part of the western boundary with Thailand , whereas the mountains of the Annamite Chain form most of the eastern border with Vietnam .
Laos climate is tropical and characterized by monsoons . The rainy season lasts from May to November , followed by a dry season from December to April . The capital and largest city of Laos is Vientiane , other major cities include Luang Prabang , Savannakhet and Pakse . In 1993 , the government set aside 21 % of the area of the country as National Biodiversity Conservation Area ( National Biodiversity Conservation Area / NBCA ) , which may be developed into a national park . When it has finished , it is expected to be the best and largest national park in Southeast Asia .
Laos is the only Southeast Asian country that has not pinched and marine areas . Laos is located in the west of Vietnam , is the north boundary of China . Other neighboring countries are Thailand and Myanmar in the west side of the southern sea . The total area is 236.800 km2 Laos . Approximately 70 % of Lao -shaped mountains and are as high as 2,819 meters Bia Mountain is the highest mountain in the country . Approximately 55 percent of this area is covered by various types of forests , namely tropical rain forests, bamboo forests , and mixed forests with tropical vegetation .
Climatic conditions in Laos are manifold tropical climate with an average temperature of between 24 ° C to the north and 26 ° C south. In Laos there are 3 seasons , the rainy season with hot air . Usually when this area was under the influence of southwest monsoon from June to October . Then, the cool dry season , when the winter winds come from the west of the month from November to February . And the latter is the hot dry season , often occurs in March to May.